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Bitter Melon is a vegetable that is used extensively in Asian countries. It is widely grown and used in India, Southeast Asia, China and East Africa, where it is used as a food as well as a medicine. Bitter Melon is also called bitter gourd and its botanical name is Momordica Charantia. It is used primarily as a powerful home remedy for diabetes. It is one of the least known and liked vegetables but it is more nutritious than the famous spinach, broccoli or banana. Although the seeds, leaves and vines of the bitter melon have been used, the fruit is the safest and most prevalent part of the plant used medically. Bitter Melon has long been used as a remedy for many problems but now a number of scientific studies have proved the immense health benefits of bitter melon.


A study conducted by Saint Louis University in 2010 reported that bitter melon extracts stunted the growth of breast cancer cells and that the vegetable could someday be used as a chemo preventive agent against breast cancer.

Type II Diabetes

Bitter melon contains insulin components in the form of polypeptide-p or p-insulin. 

The medical experts found the substance to be important in controlling diabetes naturally. Over time, there have been a series of clinical trials to confirm the benefit. 

Such a test is the one published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 

The experiments revealed that if one takes 2000mg of bitter melon for diabetes juice continuously daily, the patients’ blood sugars reduce steadily. It assists both patients suffering from diabetes type-1 and type-2. 

Consequent trials found out that the insulin increases the uptake level of glucose in patients. 

The hypoglycemic components improve the ability a patient has in utilizing sugar for energy purposes. 

Also, bitter melon led to a reduced fasting plasma glucose level. The lectin component is instrumental in reducing blood glucose concentration. 

Charantia is one of the most critical components found in the fruit. 

Charantia contains sitosteryl glucoside and stigmasteryl glucoside. 

The two elements are useful in the reduction of blood glucose levels in the body of diabetic patients.

Immune System

Whenever a person has diabetes, it’s important they protect themselves against contacting any other diseases. 

Contracting other forms of illnesses may make their health deteriorate. Bitter melon is useful in improving the functioning of the immune system. 

The fruit contains vitamin c and antioxidants that promote cellular functioning and oxidant scavenging. 

The nutrients help the body fight bacteria and viruses that attack a patient. 

Bitter squash also helps in the prevention of allergies and any indigestion issues in the patient. 

Pharmaceutical research journal published a study article in 2010 that revealed that the fruit contains anti-carcinogenic and anti-tumor properties essential to the body’s immune system.

Lowers Hemoglobin A1C

A patient with diabetes has to maintain the levels of hemoglobin A1C in a certain range. Hemoglobin is a compound found in the red blood cells. 

In diabetic patients, the glucose usually binds with the hemoglobin in the red blood cells. The patient’s level of hemoglobin A1C is not supposed to go up. 

High levels reveal that it is not a good sign. 

Bitter melon has nutrients that help to lower the glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) in patients with diabetes type-2. The journal of clinical epidemiology published a clinical trial that showed its usefulness in patients with uncontrolled diabetes and the newly diagnosed. 

There was a 0.25 decrease when compared to patients who did not consume the fruit.

Weight Loss

One of the risk factors of diabetes is obesity. It is thus essential for diabetic patients to work towards alleviating obesity. 

Momordica Charantia is very low on the caloric content, fats, and carbohydrates. 

The reduced levels of the three components make it healthy for patients with obesity. When you consume the fruit, you will not get hungry for an extended period. 

The hypoglycemic effects develop after one drinks bitter melon. It thus suppresses appetite on an individual and controls their eating habit. 

Regular consumption of the fruit helps in supporting weight loss goals. The Momordica Charantia boosts fat metabolism by reducing the adiposity. 

In turn, the process promotes the uptake of lipids and increased metabolism. Another mechanism in which the fruit works is by dislocating the human fat cells. 

The dislocation hinders the formation of new fat cells. Momordica Charantia is a natural remedy for treating obesity. 

Not only does it facilitate the loss of weight but also lowers bad cholesterol level in the body. 

The iron and folic acid decrease the risk of stroke keeping you healthy.



Here are some of the most uncommon uses of bitter melon:


  • Skin Conditions: Also because of its anti-inflammatory properties, bitter melon is recommended for psoriasis, a condition characterized by red patches on the skin that are dry, flaky and itchy, sometimes with white or silver plaque on them. Bitter melon can also be beneficial in treating skin abscesses and promoting wound healing. 
  • Digestive Issues: Bitter melon helps to combat inflamation and can be beneficial in treating conditions such as ulcers, colitis, constipation and gastrointestinal upset. Taking bitter melon supplements or eating it promotes proper digestion due to its nutritional makeup, particularly the amount of fiber found in the vegetable.